ALGERIA

Logistic and forwarding services in Algeria

Algerien

Capital City
Algier

Population
40.2 Mio.

National languages
Arabisch und Tamazight (Sprache der Berber)

Currency
Algerischer Dinar (DZD)

Gross national product (GNP)
USD 175,1 Mia

GNP per person
USD 4345

Financial exports to Switzerland
CHF 361,51 Mio

Financial imports from Switzerland
CHF 3,42 Mio

Bilateral relations Switzerland–Algeria

Relations between Switzerland and Algeria are good. They go back to the period of Algeria’s fight for independence and the positive role that Switzerland played at the Evian conference between the provisional government of the Algerian Republic and the French colonial authorities. In 2015, Switzerland opened a new embassy building in Algiers.

Economic cooperation

About 30 Swiss companies are active in Algeria.  The bilateral agreement on the protection of investments and the double taxation agreement have helped to increase legal security in economic and commercial relations between the two countries.  Algeria was the guest of honour at the Comptoir de Lausanne in September 2008. With a trade volume of CHF 676 million in 2014, Algeria was Switzerland’s seventh biggest trading partner in Africa.
Switzerland traditionally exports products such as pharmaceuticals, machinery and agricultural products to Algeria. Swiss imports from Algeria consist almost exclusively of crude oil. At the beginning of June 2012, Algeria and Switzerland signed a bilateral agreement in Geneva in the context of Algeria’s accession to the World Trade Organization.

 

Business language

Arabic, French.

Dimensions and weights

Metric system.

Currency

National currency: Algerian Dinar (DA) = 100 centimes (ct).
ISO code: DZD

Customs tariff

Harmonised system. Customs clearance based on the transaction value.

Import control

There is a ban on the import of hazardous goods and used machines, systems and vehicles. There are conformity provisions for some goods. Evidence of conformity can be provided in the export country by means of a certificate issued by an accredited testing company. There are import restrictions on medicinal products, chemicals, foods, measuring instruments, telecommunication end devices and other items.
Standard VAT rate: 17%.

Terms of payment and tenders

Foreign currency transfer is subject to control by the Banque d‘Algerie. Import and export contracts must be deposited with the transferring bank in Algeria. The legal policy background for this is that no foreign currency should flow into the country without returns from the country.
With the 2014 Finance Act, the Algerian government lifted the letter of credit requirement for imports which are intended for direct resale. Purely commercial enterprises can now pay for their imported goods by documentary collection, something that was previously permitted for Algerian companies which produce goods.
Use Arabic for tenders.

Designations of origin

If the names of goods or their packaging give the impression that they do not come from the country of origin, “Importé de …” or “Made in …” must appear if applicable. The following goods must be labelled with their country of origin: wine, vegetable preserves, fish preserves, dried plumbs, nuts and walnuts, honey, margarine, dairy products. Use stable packaging materials.

Marking/labelling

The labelling regulations are strict for all goods: the label must be part of the packaging and easily visible and must not be able to be removed.
Information: net weight, exporter, manufacturer, packager, importer, instructions for use, ingredients, expiry date, storage and shelf life conditions. Arabic.

Product samples

Samples with no retail value are duty free.
Carnet-ATA procedure possible.

Shipping and accompanying documents

a) Commercial invoice, 3 copies, French, with all standard information including delivery and payment terms, weights etc. The following declaration with a signature (photocopies of signatures are not accepted) must be made at the end: “Nous certifions que les marchandises dénommées dans cette facture sont de fabrication et d’origine de la Suisse et que les prix indiqués ci-dessus s’accordent avec les prix courants sur le marché d’exportation”.

Certifications are only required if the importer requests this.

b) Certificates of origin, 1 copy required. Legalisation not required. If the goods are of Swiss origin, indicate “Swiss” or “Union Européenne” if the goods are of UE origin.

c) Bills of lading do note require certification.

Order bills of lading with a notify address are permissible.

d) As evidence of the preferential origin: movement certificate EUR. 1/ EUR-MED for shipments where the products come under the free trade agreement with the EU. EUR. 1/ EUR-MED for shipments up to a value of EUR 6,000. The following declaration must be made in this case: “The exporter of the goods to which this commercial document refers declares that these goods, unless otherwise specified, are preferential goods”. The movement certificate EUR. 1/ EUR-MED is required for shipments with a value of more than EUR 6,000. The exporter fills in the form, the customs office issues it. “Authorised exporters” can use the above mentioned declaration of origin on commercial documents including for shipments over a value of EUR 6,000 after they have been approved by the competent central customs office.

e) Inspection certificate: issued in the exporter’s country by an independent body (not by the supplier).

f) Certificate of conformity (Certificat de Conformité): the Ministry of Commerce in Algeria has published a list of goods which require a certificate of conformity to be sent to the office of entry on import. Alternatively, the conformity of the goods can be checked by an accredited testing company in the country of export.

g) Postal packages up to 20 kg: 2 customs declarations in French/English, 1 foreign dispatch note, 3 commercial invoices in French/English.