SUDAN

Logistic and forwarding services in Sudan

Sudan

Capital City
Khartum

Population
38.8 Mio

National languages
Arabic, English and tribal languages

Currency
Sudanese pound (SDG)

Gross national product (GNP)
USD 76.2 Mrd..

GNP per person
USD 1983

Financial exports to Switzerland
CHF 78.72 Mio

Financial imports from Switzerland
CHF 3.07 Mio.

Bilateral relations Switzerland–Sudan

Switzerland played an active role in the ceasefire agreement concluded in 2002 between the Sudanese Government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). Although Sudan enjoys an economic potential, trade exchange and investment between both countries are limited. While the Swiss humanitarian aid is engaged in Sudan, it is not a priority country for the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).
Sudan, once the largest state in Africa, split into two countries on 9 July 2011 after the people of the South voted in favour of independence.

Economic cooperation

Trade between Switzerland and Sudan started in the 1950s. Switzerland imported cotton and peanuts and exported chemical products, machines and watches. Trade between the two countries is rather negligible.On 24 October 2002, both countries signed a new investment promotion and protection agreement in order to update the 1974 agreement.
Sudan has huge water reserves and large areas of cultivable land, as well as important natural resources (e.g. oil and gold). Various international and national sanctions have been imposed on Sudan (USA, EU, UN). In accordance with its international obligations, Switzerland applies the UN sanctions.

 

Business language

Arabic, English.

Dimensions and weights

Metric system.

Currency

National currency Sudanese pound = 100 Piaster.

ISO code: SDG

Customs tariff

Harmonised system.

Import control

There are restricted measures against Sudan such as the freezing of funds, a travel ban, a weapons embargo etc. Import licences are only required for a small number of groups of goods controlled by the customs office.

Import licences are granted by the Ministry of International Trade, Co-operative and Supply. Reference is made to the fact that there is a ban on the import of blank headed company paper and blank pro forma invoices which must be complied with by businessmen and businesswomen on arrival in particular. The licences are valid for 3 or 3 months.

Before conclusion of the contract, the exporter should check whether the importer has an import licence, which must be confirmed by the Bank of Sudan. Where possible the number and expiry date must be entered on the commercial invoice.

The goods must be imported directly from the country of origin. Goods can only be imported from third countries if the import licence expressly approves this. There is a general ban on the import of goods from Israel, alcohol, drugs, weapons, munitions and blank company headed paper. Foreign currencies for private imports are allocated by a banking committee, with vital imports being prioritised.

Letters of credit being opened for foreign suppliers must be approved by the Bank of Sudan. Approval is only granted if the importer can provide evidence of an import licence and the bank has the necessary foreign currencies.

Standard VAT rate: 10%

Pre-shipment inspection

A pre-shipment inspection certificate and a certificate of conformity are required for the majority of products in the

consumer goods and industrial goods Sector.

Terms of payment and tenders

An irrevocable, confirmed letter of credit is recommended. Tenders CFR port of Sudan or Khartoum airport with 5 pro forma commercial invoices. Where possible these should be valid for at least three months. English.

Invoices in USD, GBP or EUR

Designations of origin

Label goods “Made in …”, additional labelling in Arabic recommended.

Marking/labelling

Standard marking. Clear numbering is required where there are several packages. This must correspond to the freight documents. Goods such as foods, medications and cigarettes are subject to special labelling regulations.

Packaging

Seaworthy packaging. Sign the boxes carefully, indicating in particular “up”, “down” and “do not tilt”.

Product samples

Samples with no retail value are permitted duty free.

Declarable goods brought by travellers as samples or imported in other ways remain duty free if they are re-exported within 6 months of import unchanged. They must be registered on arrival.

Shipping and accompanying documents

a) 3 commercial invoices with all standard information such as number, signature and expiry date of the import licence entitling the goods to be imported by the Sudanese importer. All standard information including the FOB value and CIF costs in detail, import licence number, indication of the country of origin, no certification necessary. The following declaration must be made by the importer at the end: “I hereby certify that the particulars in this invoice are true to the best of my knowledge and belief”.

b) Certificates of origin (2 copies) required. As the origin, indicate “Swiss” in the case of Swiss goods, or “European Union” for goods originating from UE.

c) For postal items up to 20 kg: 1 international dispatch note and 1 customs declaration in English/French/Arabic.