BAHRAIN

Logistic and forwarding services in Bahrain

Bahrain

Capital City
Manama

Population
1,2 Mio.

National languages
Arabisch, Englisch ebenfalls weit verbreitet

Currency
Bahrain-Dinar (BHD)

Gross national product (GNP)
USD 33.4 Mia.

GNP per person
USD 27’965

Financial exports to Switzerland
CHF 271.7 Mio.

Financial imports from Switzerland
CHF 30.6 Mio.

Bilateral relations Switzerland–Bahrain

Switzerland has had diplomatic relations with Bahrain since 1971.

Economic cooperation

As an important regional hub Bahrain is attractive to Swiss financial circles. In 1986 the two countries concluded a civil air traffic agreement, followed in 2004 by an agreement to avoid double taxation in the area of air and maritime traffic.

Business language

English.

Dimensions and weights

Metric system.

Currency

1 Bahraini Dinar (BD) = 100 fils.
ISO code: BHD

Customs tariff

Harmonised system based on the GCC.

Import control

Importers must be registered. Licensing system: fundamental ban on the import of goods from Israel and “black list” goods.
Import licences are only required for a small number of goods, including alcoholic drinks, drugs, narcotics, methyl spirit. There are bans on a number of goods. The Bahrain Chamber of Industry and Commerce recommends appointing a local representative and not processing imports through agencies in other countries.
Imported goods must be marked for the customs authorities with the “Bill of Entry” (see also “Shipping and accompanying documents”). No special restrictive provisions on foreign currency are known.

Terms of payment and tenders

The provision of an irrevocable letter of credit on confirmation of the order to the bank processing the transaction is standard, particularly in the case of new business. Otherwise D/P. Invoicing: EUR, USD.

Designations of origin

Designations of origin are required for all goods.

Marking/labelling

Standard marking requirements in English. The port of discharge and country of receipt must also be indicated.
Avoid indicating the Gulf where possible, where this is necessary simply use “Arabian Gulf”.
Self-adhesive labels are banned.
Comply with the special labelling regulations for foods and pharmaceuticals. Ask the importer.

Packaging

Use of the IPPC ISPM no. 15 standard for wooden packaging.
Choosing shock resistant and waterproof packaging is advisable.

Product samples

Samples with no retail value are permitted duty free.
The ATA Carnet can be used for exhibition samples and trade fair goods.

Shipping and accompanying documents

Ban on making statements about boycotts. This means that CICs (chambers of industry and commerce) are no longer permitted to certify commercial papers if discriminatory formulations are selected. Escaping the provisions through notaries, regional courts or others administration offices is also excluded. Positive formulations therefore have to be selected.

All documents must be prepared in Arabic or English.

a) Commercial invoices, three copies, in English, extensive information with an indication of the country of origin (in the case of Swiss goods “Swiss”, or “European Union” for goods originating from UE) certifies by a CIC (chamber of industry and commerce) (four copies to be submitted). The following declaration must be made at the end of the invoice: “We certify that the goods exported to Bahrain are of pure national origin of the … (designation of origin). Name of manufacturer: …”. Positive statements with a similar content may also be accepted provided they do not infringe the anti-boycott regulation.

The commercial invoices must be signed; photocopies of signatures are not sufficient.

b) Certificates of origin, 1 or 2 copies (see above). Indicate the country of origin: in the case of Swiss goods “Swiss” or “European Union” for goods originating from UE. The same statement as the one on the commercial invoice (see above) is to be given on the reverse and signed in a legally binding manner (in accordance with the commercial register entry).

Certification by the embassy of the state of Bahrain. To be submitted in a stamped, addressed envelope, C4. Payment of the fee by crossed cheque.

c) Bills of lading uncertified; order bills of lading permissible on indication of a notify address.

d) Postal shipments; packages: international dispatch note; maximum weight 20 kg, 2 international dispatch notes, customs declaration (English, Arabic).

e) Detailed packing list (2 copies).