GEORGIA

Logistic and forwarding services in Georgia

Georgia

Capital City
Tbilisi

Population
4.54 Mio.

National languages
About 70% Georgian, about 40% Russian (mother or second), minority languages such as Megrelian, Abkhazian, Armenian, Azeri and Ossetian

Currency
Lari (GEL)

Gross national product (GNP)
USD 16.2 Mrd.

GNP per person
USD 3605

Financial exports to Switzerland
CHF 45.3 Mio.

Financial imports from Switzerland
CHF 2.1 Mio.

Bilateral relations Switzerland–Georgia

Relations between Switzerland and Georgia are excellent and characterised by exchanges in numerous fields. Switzerland supports Georgia with technical cooperation and humanitarian aid. Switzerland is also involved in helping resolve the conflicts in the South Caucasus region.

Economic cooperation

Switzerland and Georgia are developing their economic relations. Switzerland imports mainly primary products and exports  pharmaceuticals, machines and watches. A free-trade agreement between the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and Georgia was concluded in 2016.

 

Business language

Georgian, Russian, English.

Dimensions and weights

Metric system.

Currency

National currency: 1 LARI = 100 Tetri.
ISO code: GEL

Customs tariff

Harmonised system.

Import control

The import of goods has been extensively liberalised. There are authorisation and licensing obligations for goods including plants and animals (and products made from these), weapons and munitions, dual-use goods, medicinal products, narcotics and ozone-depleting substances. Various ministries/authorities are responsible for the licensing and authorisations. (Ask the Chamber of Industry and Commerce).
Certification and registration in accordance with the safeguarding of Georgian norms and standards is required for some goods. Certificates issued by European certification authorities are recognised.
Standard VAT rate: 18%

Terms of payment and tenders

Obtain information about the customer’s foreign currency situation in advance, for example via the banks. Letters of credit are enforceable for investment goods in any case. Strive to obtain payment in advance, potentially via currency assets in the West. Standard payment for investment goods: 5% payment on conclusion of the contract, 10% on delivery, 85% based on credit (where applicable customer credit). Invoices in EUR.

Designations of origin

No special provisions are known; designation of origin “Made in …” or similar strongly recommended. Indicate the country of origin on commercial invoices.

Marking/labelling

The country of origin must be indicated in addition to the standard markings. There are special labelling regulations for medications and foods.

Packaging

Use of the IPPC standard ISPM no. 15; the IPPC symbol and the country identification number of the service provider must be recognisably indicated on both sides. Robust packaging is advisable.

Shipping and accompanying documents

a) Commercial invoices, 2 copies, with the standard information, uncertified, signed, with the country of origin indicated.

b) Certificates of origin generally required; as the origin, indicate “Swiss” in the case of Swiss goods, or “European Union” for goods originating from UE.

c) Postal items up to 20 kg: 1 foreign dispatch note, 3 customs declarations (English, French, Russian).

d) Hygiene certificate for certain goods (e.g. foods, children’s items).

e) Proof of preferential status:

EUR.1 (issued by the customs office)

Declaration of origin on the invoice

– every exporter up to a value of EUR 6.000.

– “authorised exporters” – no limit

Wording of the declaration of origin: “The exporter of the products covered by this document (customs authorization No …) (1) declares that, except where otherwise clearly indicated, these products are of … (2) preferential origin”. If the declaration on the invoice is made by an authorised exporter, the permit number of the authorised exporter should be entered under (1). If the declaration on the invoice is not made by an authorised exporter, the words in brackets can be left out or the gap left empty. (2) The origin of the products must be indicated. If the statement on the invoice relates in full or in part to products originating in Ceuta and Melilla, the exporter must make the short description “CM” clearly visible.