TURKEYLogistic and forwarding services in Turkey
Turkish, English, German, French.
Gross national product (GNP)
USD 722 Mrd.
GNP per person
Financial exports to Switzerland
CHF 2.489 Mio.
Financial imports from Switzerland
CHF 5770 Mio.
Bilateral relations Switzerland–Turkey
Relations between Switzerland and the Republic of Turkey are close and diverse, and are characterised by regular high-level political dialogue as well as extensive economic and trade ties.
Economic relations between Switzerland Turkey are regulated by the investment protection agreement of 3 March 1988 and the agreement on the avoidance of double taxation, which came into force on 1 January 2013.
In 2015 the volume of trade between the two countries amounted to CHF 3.2 billion. The volume of Swiss investment in Turkey in 2014 totalled CHF 2.8 billion and created 14,651 jobs, making Switzerland the 12th largest international investor in Turkey.
Turkey is a major tourist destination. In 2015 some 380,000 Swiss tourists visited Turkey, only slightly lower than 2014’s record high of 394,000.
Turkish, English, German, French.
Dimensions and weights
National currency: 1 New Turkish Lira (YTL) = 100 Yeni Kurus (YKr)
ISO code: TRY
Harmonised system. Customs clearance based on the transaction value.
The import of goods is liberalised; no state authorisation is required with the exception of a small number of goods for which there is a ban on import (e.g. cigarettes, alcohol, gold etc.), for example to protect the health of humans, animals and plants and industrial and commercial goods (patent law). The import of old, used, regenerated, faulty, irregular or reduced quality goods is subject to authorisation. There is also a list of goods which are subject to investment fees, the import of which is free but with an “investment fee” based on the weight unit or per item.
A three-percent investment fee is due when importing on credit. Where licences are still required the validity is generally 4-6 or 12 months. The goods must arrive clear customs before the authorisation expires. Textiles require a registration certificate. Importers must have a valid import permit and be members of a professional import association.
Various certificates and authorisations are required for the import of chemicals and plastics that contain hazardous substances. Special provisions apply to the import of used goods.
The Turkish Lira is convertible.
There is a labelling obligation based on international benchmarks for medicinal products. Medicinal products are to be labelled in accordance with the standard applicable in the EU with an international product code and a corresponding bar code (EAN/GS1, HIBC).
Standard VAT rate: 18%.
Terms of payment and tenders
– Letters of credit (most common condition);
– Documents against payment;
– Payment on receipt of the goods (open account);
– Documents against acceptance;
– Payment in advance.
Certification by the Türk Standartlari Enstitüsü (TSE) is required for imported goods. Regular goods shipments are subject to higher certification requirements. If there is an inspection certificate from a recognised EC certification body, the document will be issued immediately. Contact: TSE, Necatibey Cad. 112, 06100 Bakanliklar-Ankara. Internet: www.tse.org.tr
Designations of origin
On commercial invoices. The indication of a country of origin is required on goods and packaging if a misleading impression of the country of origin is given.
There are no marking regulations for packaging.
Packaging must be particularly durable. ISPM 15 has been used for wooden packaging since 01/01/2005 (Standards of Pytosanitary Measures).
Duty free where there is no retail value.
Duty free import is only possible for samples that no longer have a retail value due to cutting or holes being made in them or the like.
Import authorisations are required for other (declarable) samples. These can be obtained from: a) the competent customs offices and/or postal customs offices (for goods of a value of up to USD 60.000), b) the main customs administration in Ankara (for goods of a value of more than USD 60.000). The FOB invoice amount must be used as the basis when indicating the value of the sample. The normal invoice must include the customs tariff number and the markings “no commercial value” and “for customs purposes only”. Pro forma invoices are not accepted. Return of goods including samples is only possible with the approval of the customs administration. The customs duties paid will not be reimbursed under any circumstances.
Shipping and accompanying documents
a) Commercial invoices (3 copies) in English or French with all standard information including the country of origin, port of shipment, weight in kg, FOB and CIF value and predefined declaration (“Nous certifions que cette facture est authentique et qu’elle est la seule émise par notre maison pour les marchandises y mentionnées”) and legally binding signature; generally uncertified.
The prices on pro forma invoices must be indicated on a CF, CI or CIF basis (this prevents possible over-invoicing due to foreign currency savings).
b) Certificates of origin, 1 copy required for all goods (if there is no A.TR or EUR.1). As the origin, indicate “Swiss” in the case of Swiss goods, or “European Union” for goods originating from UE. The letter of credit number and issuing bank must be indicated on the certificate of origin. Chamber of Industry and Commerce certification.
c) Bills of lading do not require certification.
d) For postal items up to 31.5 kg: 1 international dispatch note, 2 customs declaration in Turkish/French.
e) Movement certificate A.TR in the case of direct shipment where necessary within the scope of the agreement between the EU and Turkey (for more information on evidence of preferential origin see general part). In the case of originating products from the ECSC sector, Annex 1, movement certificate EUR. 1 is required from values of EUR 6.000 as evidence of preferential origin (the exporter fills it in and the customs office issues it). The following declaration must be made on the commercial invoice for all shipments up to a value of EUR 6.000: “The exporter of the goods to which this commercial document refers states that these goods, unless otherwise indicated, are preferential goods.” Place, date, signature.
f) Goods from the agricultural agreement (see the list) receive the movement certificate EUR. 1 or a relevant declaration on the invoice as evidence of their preferential origin. An A.TR cannot be issued for these goods.
h) Land transport: comply with the implementation provisions for TIR of 20/11/1981.
i) A combined weight and packing list is required.