BELARUS

Logistic and forwarding services in Belarus

Belarus

Capital City
Minsk

Population
9.47 Mio

National languages
Belarussian and Russian

Currency
Belarusian Ruble (RBL)

Gross national product (GNP)
USD 62.0 Mrd

GNP per person
USD 6583

Financial exports to Switzerland
CHF 204 Mio.

Financial imports from Switzerland
CHF 20,2 Mio

Bilateral relations Switzerland–Belarus

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1992, bilateral relations have developed on a somewhat irregular basis. Between 2001 and 2010, Switzerland supported Belarus with humanitarian aid. A bilateral dialogue is held annually, and the themes discussed include human rights, in particular abolition of the death penalty.

Economic cooperation

Until now, the development of trade between the two countries has been sluggish, and it is for this reason that Switzerland continues to be interested in better utilising existing potential. The basic treaties necessary to extend trade have been concluded, and agreements on trade and economic cooperation, on investment, and on double taxation are all in place.

Switzerland primarily imports agricultural products and exports pharmaceuticals, machinery and chemical products. Around 30 Swiss companies are represented in Belarus.

 

Business language

Belarussian, German, English, Russian.

Dimensions and weights

Metric system.

Currency

Belarus is part of the Ruble Zone. 1 Ruble (Rbl) =100 kopeken.
National currency 1 Belarusian ruble
ISO code: BYR

Customs tariff

Harmonised system.

Import control

Weapons embargo, bans on goods for internal repression, financial sanctions and a ban on the provision of certain services and technical support.
Import is broadly liberalised. Import licences are currently required for medicinal products and medical equipment, chemical protective substances for plants and veterinary preparations; cinema, video and audio devices; industrial waste and slag; weapons of all types and the associated munitions.
Entry into force of various Technical Regulations (TR) in 2012, declarations of conformity required as evidence of safety for the import of certain goods (for more information see tsouz.ru/db/techreglam/Pages/tecnicalreglament.aspx). The State Committee for Standardization is responsible for the certification of conformity.
VAT rate: 20%.

Terms of payment and tenders

There are currency controls for transaction values of over 3,000 euros. There is an obligation to register with an authorised bank for foreign currency transaction services. The creditworthiness of customers is problematic; where possible inquire locally. Delivery against advance payment or through an irrevocable, confirmed letter of credit is recommended.

Designations of origin

The goods or packaging must have the name of the country of origin (“Made in …” or “Swiss”, for example).

Marking/labelling

Standard marking regulations in all four business languages possible.

Packaging

Weatherproof packaging is advisable. A self declaration about the labelling on the packaging by the manufacturer/importer is required for customs clearance.

Product samples

The import of samples is possible provided that they are subsequently re-exported. The customs office determines the time. Carnet A.T.A. procedure possible.

Shipping and accompanying documents

a) Commercial invoices, 2 copies, in each business language. Translation into Russian/Belarusian recommended. Certification or legalisation of the commercial invoices is generally not required.

b) Certificates of origin only required at the importer’s request. In the case of Swiss goods use “Swiss” or “European Union” for goods originating from UE.

c) Postal packages up to 20 kg, 1 international dispatch note, 2 customs declarations.