ITALY

Logistic and forwarding services in Italy

Italy

Capital City
Rome

Population
60,8 Mio.

National languages
Italian

Currency
Euro (EUR)

Gross national product (GNP)
USD 2’148 Mrd.

GNP per person
USD 35’823

Financial exports to Switzerland
CHF 14,45 Mrd.

Financial imports from Switzerland
CHF 18,09 Mrd.

Bilateral relations Switzerland–Italy

The traditionally good relations between Switzerland and Italy are characterised by close economic, political, human and cultural ties, a common language and frequent visits at all levels.

Economic cooperation

Italy is Switzerland’s third-largest trading partner, after Germany and the United States, with a balance of trade which is regularly in surplus (CHF 3.8 billion in 2015).
With direct investments of CHF 16.2 billion, Switzerland created around 51,000 jobs in Italy in 2014. In the same year, Italy made CHF 4.2 billion of direct investments in Switzerland, providing jobs for 14,000 people.
Activity is particularly intense along the two countries’ shared border, where close to 70,000 Italians cross into Switzerland every day in order to go to work.

 

Business language

Italian, German, English, French

Dimensions and weights

Metric system.

Currency

National currency: EUR
ISO code: EUR

 

Customs tariff (for non-EU goods)

Harmonised system. Customs clearance based on the transaction value.

Import control

EU goods are freely available. For non-EU goods it is necessary to note that the countries of import are divided into three main zones, A, B and C; the division is by economic area. Goods, the import of which is subject to authorisation and certain formalities are listed in two special lists, “Allegati” I and II. The following do not belong to the EU customs area: Livigno und Campione d’Italia (parts of  Lake Lugano), special rules apply here. There is a customs union with the Republic of San Marino. Two copies of invoices containing all standard information and an indication of the country of origin are required.
VAT: 22% (reduced rate: 10/4%). Reimbursement of VAT paid is possible.
Livigno, Campione d’Italia and the part of Lake Lugano which is part of the Italian territory are excluded from the scope of VAT.

Terms of payment and tenders

In principle all of the terms applicable to international payment transactions.
Depending on the creditworthiness of the person placing the order: letter of credit, cash on delivery, open payment term of up to three months.

Designations of origin

Must be indicated on the packaging in the case of eggs, alcoholic drinks and cleaning agents. Pianos must indicate the name and place of residence of the manufacturer. Otherwise there are no special regulations, the prohibition of misleading statements applies accordingly.

Marking/labelling

All shipments of goods which are transported to Burundi, Rwanda, Zambia, Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo via Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, must also be clearly marked with a blue cross on the package on the standard marking side, the bars of which are at least 30 cm long, otherwise a special sorting fee will be charged. The amount of this fee is not yet known. The colours vary depending on the country of destination: Burundi – black, Rwanda – yellow, Zambia – green, Tanzania – red, Democratic Republic of the Congo – blue. (Where applicable ask the importer.) Clear, permanent and clearly visible note indicating the weight of shipments with a gross weight of 1.000 kg or more.

Packaging

There are general regulations on labelling (in Italian) and special regulations on the requirements of the packaging of liquids. In the food sector in particular and for plants, precious metals and textiles, various, permanently changing special regulations on packaging and labelling apply. Distributors must take wrapping and transport packaging back free of charge. More information on this can be obtained from the Chamber of Industry and Commerce. The EU Directive sets out that packaging materials made of wood must be manufactured from round logs. This EU regulation goes beyond the necessary treatment set out in the ISPM 15 standard.

Product samples

With no retail value = duty free; from a certain maximum value = subject to duties.
There is a ban on the sending of samples which are subject to a duty as “product samples”.

Shipping and accompanying documents

Customary documents, as well as:

a) Commercial Invoice (3 copies), with all the usual statements, including FOB, CIF expenses, CIF price, weight, country of origin, 3 copies. Down the exporter’s invoice, indicate the following signed declaration: “We hereby certify that the goods described herein are manufacturing and Swiss origin, and that the prices quoted are accurate and consistent with the current prices on the export market”. Authentication of the Chamber of Commerce only at your request. If the authentication request, one additional commercial invoice for the Chamber of Commerce; often authentication is not required by the customs authorities;

b) The certificates of origin indicate as a country of origin for goods coming from Switzerland “Switzerland” or “EU” for European goods;

c) Proof of preferential origin:

– EUR. 1 (released by the customs office);

Declaration of origin on the invoice: for all exports up to a maximum value of 6.000 €; for “approved exporters” no value limit.

Text of the origin declaration: “The exporter of the goods covered by this document (customs authorization n …) (1) declares that, unless otherwise indicated, these products are of … preferential origin (2)”.

If the invoice declaration is issued by an approved exporter, the number of authorized exporter authorization must be recorded in paragraph (1). If the invoice declaration is not issued by an approved exporter, the words in brackets shall be omitted or the space can be left blank. (2) Origin of products to be indicated;

d) Postal invoice: boxes up to 20 kg, 1 sheet of foreign shipping, 1 customs declaration;

e) Carnet A.T.A. available;

f) To send goods in Italy of non-EU preferential origin and/or commodity values ​​above € 10.000 it is required to issue the DV 1 document by the importer (ask questions to the customs agent);

g) The Italian importer must provide the customs agent of special powers in order to make customs clearance. Inquire with the importer and the customs agent before the shipment of goods;

h) For certain product categories (semi-finished ferrous, scrap iron, etc …) it is required to issue the “Certificate radiometric” issued by Qualified Experts recognized in the appropriate professional body (ask questions to the customs agent).