MACEDONIA

Logistic and forwarding services in Macedonia

Macedonia

Capital City
Skopje

Population
2,11 Mio

National languages
Macedonian, Albanian

Currency
Macedonian Denar (MKD)

Gross national product (GNP)
USD 10.23 Mrd.

GNP per person
USD 4944

Financial exports to Switzerland
CHF 514 Mio.

Financial imports from Switzerland
CHF 74 Mio.

Bilateral relations Switzerland–Macedonia

Switzerland established regular contacts with Macedonia immediately upon the latter’s independence, integrating the new nation in its transition support programme. Switzerland’s cooperation strategy focuses at present on supporting a reform process in the areas of decentralisation, the economy, water supply and environmental protection. The presence of a sizeable Macedonian diaspora in Switzerland helps strengthen ties between the two countries.

Economic relations

Economic relations and trade between the two countries remain modest. There is potential for further development both at the commercial level and in terms of direct Swiss investment in Macedonia. So far the attractions and business potential of Macedonia have been recognised mainly by Swiss citizens of Macedonian origin who have studied or worked in Switzerland. A small number of these “Swiss Macedonians” have managed to create small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in their native land, either with their own funds or in partnership with a Swiss company.

Business language

Macedonian, English, German.

Dimensions and weights

Metric system.

Currency

National currency Denar: 1 Den =100 Deni (only internally convertible) – for import/export transactions conversion link to EUR.
ISO code: MKD

Customs tariff

Harmonised system.

Import control

The import of goods is largely liberalised. The electronic system EXIM has been introduced in order to simplify the application for authorisation and licences for goods that require this. Different authorities are responsible for the application depending on the group of goods. Macedonia uses the ISO norms and standards to an enhanced extent. Various inspection authorities are responsible for checking the standardisation. Electronic devices, measurement tools and vehicles are affected by this.
The import of foreign currencies is free, foreign currencies are allocated on the basis of licences or on presentation of the documents for licence-free imports; where applicable a declaration deadline must be complied with, including in the case of cheques and exchange transactions.
VAT 18%

Terms of payment and tenders

Payment in advance, based on a letter of credit; cover options via Hermes possible in certain cases.
Tenders based on EUR.

Marking/labelling

Goods or packaging must be labelled with the country of origin. For shipments sent via Greece, the country name must be: former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. This applies to both customs documents and the goods and their packaging (marking).

Packaging

Use of the IPPC standard ISPM no. 15.

Product samples

ATA Carnet applicable for trade fair goods, scientific devices and teaching materials.

Shipping and accompanying documents

Standard and

a) Commercial invoices, 3 copies, signed with all standard information, country of origin.

b) Certificates of origin, 2 copies; as the origin, indicate “Swiss” in the case of Swiss goods, or “European Union” for goods originating from UE.

c) To provide evidence of the preferential nature form EUR. 1 for goods with a value of more than EUR 6.000. The invoice declaration can be made by “anyone” up to a goods value of EUR 6.000 if the shipment contains originating products.

Once they have been approved by the central customs office, authorised exporters can also use this for goods valued at more than EUR 6.000 “The exporter (“authorised exporter” authorisation no. …) of the goods to which this commercial document refers states that these goods, unless otherwise indicated, are preferential goods (EU), place, date and signature”.

d) Postal shipments: maximum weight 20 kg, 1 international dispatch note, 1 customs declaration (English/French/national language).