MOLDOVA

Logistic and forwarding services in Moldova

Moldova

Capital City
Chisinau

Population
3,6 Mio.

National languages
Romanian (in Cyrillic script), regional languages Russian, Gagau, Ukrainian

Currency
Moldovan leu (MDL)

Gross national product (GNP)
USD 6,2 Mrd.

GNP per person
USD 1740

Financial exports to Switzerland
CHF 23 Mio.

Financial imports from Switzerland
CHF 14,5 Mio.

Bilateral relations Switzerland–Moldova

Relations between Switzerland and the Republic of Moldova are good and focus primarily on technical cooperation and questions related to migration.

Economic cooperation

The volume of trade between Switzerland and Moldova is relatively low. Switzerland exports primarily pharmaceutical, chemical and agricultural products, and machines; it imports agricultural products and a limited quantity of clothing and textiles, as well as vehicles and aircraft.

 

Business language

Moldovan (Romanian), Russian, English, German.

 

Dimensions and weights

Metric system.

 

Currency

National currency: 1 Moldovan leu (MDL) = 100 bani.

ISO code: MDL

 

Customs tariff

Harmonised system. Customs clearance based on the transaction value.

 

Import control

Import is broadly liberalised. Import authorisations are only required for certain goods, e.g. weapons, optical technology and medical devices, drugs, poisons, alcoholic drinks, tobacco products, precious metals and chemicals for use in agriculture. The maximum validity of the licence is 1 year, but in justified cases this can be extended. The duration of validity and contents of the licence must be complied with precisely.

Authorisation from the central bank is require to export foreign currencies of USD 10.000 to 50.000.

Customs clearance fee of 0,15% of the value of the goods.

Standard VAT rate: 20%

 

Terms of payment and tenders

There are warnings against delivery on account.

Letters of credit are difficult to achieve. Payment in advance should therefore be insisted upon. Information about the foreign currency assets of the business partners should also be obtained before conclusion of the transaction (generally via the bank).

 

Designations of origin

Both the goods and the packaging should have the name of the manufacturer and the country of origin.

 

Marking/labelling

Standard markings with the addition of the manufacturer and the country of origin. Various goods are subject to labelling regulations (ask the importer).

 

Packaging

Use weatherproof packaging. Do not use hay and straw as packaging materials.

 

Product samples

Samples with no retail value, advertising materials, brochures and printed materials are duty free.

 

Shipping and accompanying documents

a) Commercial invoices, two copies, properly signed with all standard information, country of origin.

b) Certificate of origin (one copy) required; as the origin, indicate “Swiss” in the case of Swiss goods, or “European Union” for goods originating from UE.

d) Packing list (six copies)

e) Guarantee letter from the exporter (if requested)

f) Postal items: 20 kg, 1 foreign package card, 3 customs declarations (Russian/English/French)

g) Proof of preferential status:

EUR.1 (issued by the customs office)

Declaration of origin on the invoice

– for each exporter up to a value of EUR 6.000

– “authorised exporters” – no limit

Wording of the declaration of origin: “The exporter of the products covered by this document (customs authorization No …) (1) declares that, except where otherwise clearly indicated, these products are of … (2) preferential origin”. If the declaration on the invoice is made by an authorised exporter, the permit number of the authorised exporter should be entered under (1). If the declaration on the invoice is not made by an authorised exporter, the words in brackets can be left out or the gap left empty. (2) The origin of the products must be indicated. If the statement on the invoice relates in full or in part to products originating in Ceuta and Melilla, the exporter must make the short description “CM” clearly visible.