POLAND

Logistic and forwarding services in Poland

Poland

Capital City
Varsavia

Population
38,2 Mio.

National languages
Polish

Currency
Polish Zloty

Gross national product (GNP)
USD 546 Mrd

GNP per person
USD 14’378

Financial exports to Switzerland
CHF 2,2 Mrd

Financial imports from Switzerland
CHF 1,7 Mrd

Bilateral relations between Switzerland and Poland

Relations between Switzerland and Poland are based on a long tradition of mutual friendship and understanding. The two countries maintain significant economic and cultural exchange. As an EU member state, Poland is one of the countries to benefit from the Swiss contribution to reducing economic and social disparities in an enlarged European Union.

Economic cooperation

Economic relations between the two countries are developing rapidly. Poland is Switzerland’s most important export market in Central Europe. With an aggregated trade volume of some CHF 3.8 billion (2015), Poland is ahead of Russia, India and Brazil as a trading partner for Switzerland.
Switzerland’s direct investment in Poland totalled CHF six billion at the end of 2014, making Poland the third-largest recipient of Swiss capital in Central and Eastern Europe.
There has been a Swiss Business Hub at the Swiss embassy in Warsaw since 2003. Poland belongs to the same constituency as Switzerland in the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank.

 

Business language

Polish, German, French, English.

The law amending the Law on the Polish Language of 02/04/2004 strengthened the regulations on the use of Polish in tenders, instructions and invoices. Discussions should be held with Polish importers at an early stage.

 

Dimensions and weights

Metric system.

 

Currency

National currency: Polish Zloty = 100 groszy

ISO code: PLN

 

Customs tariff

Harmonised system, customs clearance based on the transaction value.

 

Import control

EU goods are freely available. Invoices including the following information are required for customs clearance: precise address of the buyer and seller, number and date of the order by the Polish buyer, designation of goods with the addition of the customs tariff number, specification, indication of quantity, unit price and total amount, pricing (carriage paid limit, FOB, CFR, CIF) and delivery date, company and address of the agent of the seller if an agent is interested in the transaction from a commission perspective, or a note stating that the transaction has been arranged without an agent, other essential conditions of delivery (coverage of the transport and insurance costs, packaging, gross and net weight, arbitrage, export licence no. etc.), indication of the number of invoices, NIP number (tax number of the Polish buyer). At the end of the invoice the following legally binding declaration of origin must be signed by the exporter and stamped with the company stamp. “We confirm that the goods listed in this invoice originated in …”. When “importing” passenger cars from other member states of the EU, consumption taxes are due in Poland based on the cylinder capacity.

Financial transactions, including those in foreign currencies, are also possible.

Standard VAT rate: 23% (reduced rate: 8/5%), reimbursement of VAT paid is possible, note the amendments of the VAT Act (2009). Reverse-charge procedure now also possible in Poland.

 

Terms of payment and tenders

The payment terms need to be negotiated, in the case of new customers, payment in advance or a bank guarantee is recommended.

EUR/USD invoices. Use Polish spelling when indicating place names.

 

Designations of origin

Standard markings are sufficient. Prohibition on misleading customers with regard to designations of origin.

 

Packaging

There are labelling and marking obligations for many goods in Polish and consumer protection certification obligations. In addition to this, there are obligations to take back packaging based on the polluter pays principle. Avoid hay and straw and other disinfectant products.

Comply with the special rules for food.

The EU Directive sets out that packaging materials made of wood must be manufactured from round logs. This EU regulation goes beyond the necessary treatment set out in the ISPM 15 standard.

 

Product samples

Subject to duties.