UKRAINE

Logistic and forwarding services in Ukraine

Ukraine

Capital City
Kiev

Population
44,3 Mio. (Januar 2014)

National languages
Russian, German, English, Ukrainian.

Currency
Ukraine Grivnia

Gross national product (GNP)
USD 90,10 Mrd

GNP per person
USD 2.109

Financial exports to Switzerland
CHF 474 Mio.

Financial imports from Switzerland
CHF 213 Mio.

Bilateral relations Switzerland–Ukraine

Switzerland and Ukraine established diplomatic relations shortly after Ukraine’s independence in December 1991, opening embassies in both countries. The relations are good but also have potential for development in a number of areas.

Economic cooperation

Compared to Western European countries, trade between Switzerland and Ukraine still has potential for growth.
Traditionally, the balance of trade has been positive for Switzerland. Switzerland mainly exports pharmaceuticals, machinery, watchmaking products, precious stones/metals and jewellery, and agricultural products to Ukraine. Imports from Ukraine consist mainly of precious stones/metals, textiles/clothing, machinery, agricultural products and non-precious metals.
Several offices representing Ukrainian companies (head offices, trade agencies) are also based in Switzerland. Switzerland is one of the top 10 foreign investors in Ukraine. Swiss companies are also among the largest taxpayers in Ukraine: traditionally, at least two or three fall under the first ten major contributors.
The EFTA free trade agreement with Ukraine, which has been in force since June 2012, is important for the country’s economic ties.

 

Business language

Russian, German, English, Ukrainian.

Dimensions and weights

Metric system.

Currency

1 Griwna (UAH) = 100 Kopeken

ISO code: UAH

Customs tariff

Harmonised system.

Import control

There are licence obligations in the form of a commercial and/or import licence for various groups of goods. Licences are required, for example, for fertilisers, pharmaceutical products, cosmetics and veterinary medicine preparations. Responsibility for this normally lies with the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade. Animal and animal products, plant products and radio and telecommunication devices are subject to authorisation.

Medicinal products, electronic devices, paints, varnishes and industrial equipment are subject to certification. In these cases, an original and a certified copy of the certificate issued in Ukraine must be presented. If the inspection body is recognised (Dshersh standard), foreign certificates will also be accepted. Customs clearance is only possible on provision of the declaration of conformity or the certificate of recognition of the foreign certificate. The certificates are issued by the laboratories accredited in the Ukrainian certification system (UKrSEP – single administrative document – RO) (Ukrainian State Committee for Standardisation, Metrology and Certification, ul. Gorkogo 174, 03680 Kiev-150, Ukraine). In the case of goods that do not require certification, an official confirmation for the Ukrainian manufacturer/buyer or what is known as an authorisation will be requested by the customs authorities on import. The decrease in the number of goods for which certification is required means that many products are subject to the regulations of the Technical

Regulation (TR) as evidence of safety, and customs will request a declaration of conformity showing this, for example for machines and systems and medical technology. The National Bank of Ukraine is responsible for controlling the issuance of foreign currencies.

Standard VAT rate: 20%

Reimbursements possible but very difficult, no claim to reimbursement (only offsetting) in the first year after foundation.

Terms of payment and tenders

The creditworthiness of the customer is problematic; where possible obtain information locally including whether the customer can access foreign currency. Credit financing is possible. Letters of credit are very difficult to implement – payment in advance where possible. Strict Ukrainian regulations must be complied with when bartering. Tenders based on EUR.

Designations of origin

Marking goods with “Made in …” or “… (country of origin)” is recommended.

Marking/labelling

Standard marking indicating the country of origin. There are special labelling regulations among other things for foods, alcohol etc.

Ask the Chamber of Industry and Commerce.

Packaging

Use of the ISPM-15 standard for wooden packaging since 04/02/2006.

Shipping and accompanying documents

Special regulations are not yet known. Recommendation:

a) Commercial invoices, 2 copies, with all standard information.

b) Certificates of origin on request.

c) Bills of lading uncertified.

d) Postal packages up to 20 kg, 1 international dispatch note, 2 customs declarations in Ukrainian, English or French. Rail shipments: 1 international consignment note.

e) The ATA Carnet procedure is permitted (currently restricted).

f) Detailed packing list (3 copies in English).

 

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