AUSTRALIA

Logistic and forwarding services in Australia

Australia

Capital City
Canberra

Population
23.34 Mio.

National languages
Englisch

Currency
Australischer Dollar (AUD)

Gross national product (GNP)
USD 1’459 Mrd.

GNP per person
USD 62‘127

Financial exports to Switzerland
CHF 2’496.31 Mio.

Financial imports from Switzerland
CHF 348.63 Mio.

Bilateral relations Switzerland–Australia

Bilateral relations between the two countries are good and being intensified. A dialogue on political and economic matters launched in Canberra in March 2012 is continuing. Australia hosts one of the largest communities Swiss overseas and is a crossroads in the field of education and research.

Economic cooperation

Although modest bilateral trade is on the increase. In 2011 exports amounted to 2.5 billion CHF, a 17.4% increase over the previous year. There was also considerable improvement in Switzerland’s imports from Australia in 2011, rising from the previous year’s 320 million CHF to 487 million CHF, a jump of 52%.
As a source of foreign direct investments (FDIs) Switzerland, which has created 40,000 jobs in Australia, ranked fifth in 2011. In 2009 FDIs amounted to over 13 billion USD.
The importance of tourism continues to grow. Since the 1980s an ever increasing number of Swiss have visited Australia, either as tourists or for language studies. Despite the strength of the Swiss franc there was an 8.2% increase in the number of Australian tourists coming to Switzerland in 2011, while in 2010 some 43,000 Swiss holidayed in Australia.
The Swiss Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SACCI) numbers over 250 members.

 

Business language

English.

Dimensions and weights

Metric system.

Currency

National currency Australian dollar ($A) = 100 cents (c). ISO code: AUD

Customs tariff

Harmonised system. Customs clearance is based on the transaction value (FOB basis).

Import control

Imports are extensively liberalised. However, import authorisations are required for a range of goods, such as certain types of meat, species of animal and plant and cosmetics. There are general bans on the import of human embryos and certain species of dog, among other things.
VAT rate: 10%.

Pre-shipment inspection

Imports are subject to controls from USD 2.500. The certificate number must be communicated to the shipping or air freight agents before loading.

Terms of payment and tenders

Documents against payment (D/P) for reliable partners. Often irrevocable letters of credit to the bank processing the transaction on confirmation of the order. Tenders in AUD with CIF and FOB values, invoicing predominantly in EUR, as far as possible in PTA.

Designations of origin

Goods which are subject to marking regulations in accordance with Australian law and goods with non-Swiss inscriptions must be labelled with the country of origin (e.g. Swiss). A specially defined indication of the origin and material with labelling data is generally required for certain goods. Information should be obtained from the Chamber of Industry and Commerce.

Marking/labelling

Standard marking, but each package must be clearly labelled with the name of the destination port (in letters of at least 5 cm) underneath the brand name and number. A specially defined indication of origin and material must be placed on the main label of certain goods. The list of goods can be requested from the customs authorities.

Packaging

Sea packaging, box labelling as generally standard. The import of hay, straw and similar material is prohibited.
Treatment against Sirex wasps is required for wooden boxes including wooden internal packaging. Sirex certificates from the Plant Protection Office are highly recommended.
Comply with the wooden packaging provisions when loading goods into containers. ISPM 15 is applicable.
In addition to the shipping mark and the number, the destination or unloading port must be indicated on boxes in letters of at least 5 cm. Precise indication of the weight, unit weight in the case of goods over 2 tonnes.
Foods, textiles, tobacco products, sanitary products and the like must include an indication of the origin (regulations in accordance with the “Marking of Imported Goods”).

Product samples

Samples with no retail value are permitted duty free where applicable if the shipment is clearly labelled as follows: “Trade Samples, no charge, no commercial value”. Carnet-ATA procedure permitted.

Shipping and accompanying documents

Standard and

a) Commercial invoices: The original invoice, which is to be made out in English, is required for customs clearance. The invoice must be properly signed. The following information is also required:

Name and address of the seller.

Name and address of the buyer.

Name of the ship.

Country of origin (in the case of goods from Swiss: “Swiss”).

Brands, numbers, quantity and type of packages.

Description of the goods indicating the quantity, quality and other available units. Particular value is to be placed on a precise description of the goods. Machines and electrical accessories are to be listed and invoiced separately. The following are to be indicated on alcoholic drinks: number of bottles contained in the individual packs, content of the individual bottles, alcohol strength, value of the bottles when empty, value of the outside packages.

Sale price: price of the unit and total price of the goods indicating the delivery terms. The FOB value is to be highlighted in particular.

The information set out under 8a. and 9. must be indicated separately, regardless of whether they have been identified as belonging to the FOB value and therefore to be included in this.

8a. Labour costs incurred in packing the goods into outside packages.

Value of outside packages. Containers do not count as outside packages.

Amount of royalties – if any – payable in respect of the goods.

Freight and insurance costs for the transport of the goods to Australia. These CIF costs must also be indicated even if the goods are sold as FOB.

Details of all agreements of any type which change or may change the sale price (ask the Chamber of Industry and Commerce for detailed information).

b) Certificates of origin are not required.

c) Bills of lading, uncertified; in the case of order bills of lading indicate a notify address.

d) For postal packages of 20 kg with commercial goods, 1 international dispatch note, 1 customs declaration in English.