IRAQ

Logistic and forwarding services in Iraq

Iraq

Capital City
Bagdad

Population
36 Mio

National languages
Arabic, Kurdish

Currency
Iraqi Dinar (NID)

Gross national product (GNP)
USD 165,05 Mia

GNP per person
USD 4694

Financial exports to Switzerland
CHF 426,02 Mio

Financial imports from Switzerland
CHF 4,14 Mio

Bilateral relations Switzerland–Iraq

Bilateral relations between Switzerland and Iraq are limited, owing to the precarious security situation in Iraq.  In its relations with Iraq Switzerland focuses on humanitarian issues, migration and peacebuilding.

Economic cooperation

Following the first Gulf War in 1991 and the subsequent sanctions imposed by the United Nations, trade between Switzerland and Iraq practically came to a standstill and only recovered slowly.
With the US invasion in 2003 Swiss exports to Iraq again collapsed but have since recovered. Switzerland exports mainly pharmaceuticals to Iraq. Imports from Iraq have traditionally been modest but have increased in recent years, consisting primarily of fuel.

 

Business language

Arabic, English, Kurdish.

Dimensions and weights

Metric system.

Currency

National currency Iraqi Dinar (ID) = 1000 Fils.
ISO code: IQD

Customs tariff

Harmonised system.

Import control

The EU has lifted the total embargo against Iraq, with the exception of the weapons embargo which remains. The provisions of the Foreign Trade Ordinance (see A) must continue to be complied with. There are general bans on the import of weapons, munitions, narcotics, dual-use goods, used cars and goods from Israel or of Israeli origin.
In addition to this, temporary bans can also be issued (information on this can be obtained from the Chamber of Industry and Commerce).
Consent/registration is required by various authorities for goods which are subject to import restrictions (pesticides, medications, radio and telecommunication transmission devices). A Certificate of Conformity (CoC) is required on import for many products (including food, construction materials, cosmetics, cleaning agents, chemicals such as thinners, lubricants and dyes, household, office and kitchen items, textiles, shoes, electronic goods, toys, vehicles). The safety features are checked on import. Where the pre-shipment inspection is part of a letter of credit document, the original commercial invoice for the goods must have a test seal and the freight document must be presented. The CoC does not need to be legalised.

Terms of payment and tenders

It is advisable to only select secure terms of payment. Payment in advance or irrevocable letter of credit.
For goods which are subject to a pre-inspection and are part of letter of credit transactions, the letter of credit document must be submitted to the inspection company to check the goods.
Invoicing in EUR is standard; CFR basis.

Designations of origin

There are designation of origin labelling obligations for all goods which are subject to pre-shipment inspections. Indicate the country of origin on commercial invoices. Any labelling which would give the misleading impression that the goods were manufactured in a country other than the one indicated in the accompanying documents is prohibited.
If labelling of this kind can be found on the goods, the country of origin (Made in …) must be added.

Marking/labelling

No special marking regulations are known.
If the port of destination needs to be described in greater detail, only “Arabian Gulf” is permitted. There are special marking regulations for foods.

Packaging

Standard markings are sufficient. More information can be obtained from the freight forwarder. Stable boxes, not too heavy. Wooden packaging of all kinds must be treated chemically or mechanically against an infestation of parasites. Label goods which are shipped via the free zone of Beirut and via land into Iraq “Beirut (zone franche)” or “Beirut (zone franche) in transit to Iraq” corresponding to the freight papers.

Product samples

Duty free where they have no value. Beware of sample hunters.

Shipping and accompanying documents

There is a ban on making boycott statements. This means that CICs (chambers of industry and commerce) are no longer permitted to certify commercial papers if discriminatory formulations are selected. Escaping the provisions through notaries, regional courts or others administration offices is also excluded.

Positive formulations therefore have to be selected (e.g. the products contain parts from Germany, the USA . . . or are purely of EU origin …).

a) Commercial invoices, 5 copies in English required with the following information: number of packages, quantity, individual or unit price, precise description of the goods.

At the end of the invoice the following statement must be made by the exporter and signed “We hereby declare that the country of origin of the goods is Swiss. We hereby declare that the mentioned merchandise is being exported for our own account and that the goods are of pure national origin of the exporting country” or “… of pure national origin of the country the goods originated from”. Importers are currently also requesting a manufacturer’s declaration: “The goods are manufactured by …” (name and full address), currently also legalised.

b) Certificate of origin required and must include the commercial invoice. Indicate “Swiss” as the country of origin for Swiss goods. A declaration by the exporter (see point a) must be included on the reverse and signed. Where legalisation is necessary, certification by the Chamber of Industry and Commerce is required.

c) Postal items up to 20 kg: 1 APC and 2 customs declaration in English/Arabic.

d) Freight/ship: 4 commercial invoices in English.

Other documents that are required: certified certificate of loading (bill of lading), certified insurance contract for the goods and a certified goods inspection certificate issued by an internationally recognised inspection company.