The EUR 1 is a certificate that is issued at export to certify that the goods described on the form are of EU origin and production (referred to as “preferential origin”) and is issued by Customs upon written application completed by the exporter. The request for the issuance of EUR 1 presupposes that the goods declared have all the requirements to be considered of preferential origin (in this regard, reference should always be made to the origin protocols of the agreements concluded with the various countries or groups of countries).
The application for the certificate that the exporter submits to Customs along with the goods is considered sufficient for EUR 1 to be issued. The Customs office may request supporting documentation of origin or conduct checks at the company even later, sometimes based on a specific request from a foreign Customs.
It is used in trade between the European Union and states that have trade agreements with it (e.g., Switzerland, Egypt, Israel, Tunisia, etc…) and allows duty payment exemption for exports/imports between the European Union and those states and in the reverse direction.